Nils Melzer (Switzerland, 1970) is a Professor in International Law at the University of Glasgow. He also holds the Human Rights Chair of the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights and serves since 1st of November 2016 as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
Professor Melzer has served for 12 years with the International Committee of the Red Cross in various zones of conflict and violence.
After leaving the ICRC, he held academic positions as Research Director of the Swiss Competence Centre on Human Rights (University of Zürich), as Swiss Chair for International Humanitarian Law (Geneva Academy) and as Senior Fellow for Emerging Security Challenges (Geneva Centre for Security Policy), and has represented civil society in the Steering Committee of the International Code of Conduct for Private Security Service Providers.
Most recently, Melzer served as Senior Security Policy Adviser to the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs.
Professor Melzer has authored award winning and widely translated works including inter alia, "Targeted Killing in International Law" (Oxford, 2008, Guggenheim Prize 2009), the ICRC's "Interpretive Guidance on the Notion of Direct Participation in Hostilities" (2009), and the ICRC's official handbook "International Humanitarian Law - a Comprehensive Introduction" (2016). He also authored the EU Parliament's legal and policy study on "Human Rights Implications of the Usage of Drones and Robots in Warfare" (2013), and co-authored the NATO CCDCOE "Tallinn Manual on the International Law applicable to Cyber Warfare" (Cambridge, 2013), and the NATO MCDC "Policy Guidance Autonomy in Defence Systems", (NATO ACT, 2014).