Born 1945, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, known popularly as Lula, was the president of the Steel Workers' Union of São Bernardo do Campo and Diadema in the Seventies. In 1980 he founded the Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) or Workers' Party and in 1983 he helped found the Central Única dos Trabalhadores (CUT) union association. After having run for president unsuccessfully, in the 1989, 1994 and 1998 elections, he was elected President of Brazil twice, in 2002 and 2006. On 1 January 2011, he was succeeded by his former Chief of Staff, Dilma Rousseff. Lula is the Honorary President of the Lula Institute, the new name of the Citizenship Institute. The Institute’s principal focus will be on Brazil’s cooperation with Africa and Latin America. The Institute will also work to create a museum to tell the story of Brazil through the experience of social movements, called the Memorial da Democracia.
Lula is in jail since the 7th of April 2018, serving a sentence of 12 years and 1 month for corruption and money laundering.