For the second time this year, a class-wide mobilization in an “All-India strike” brought out 250 million workers. With one in four working-age people in India participating, this 24-hour work stoppage can again claim the status of “world’s biggest strike.” The first record-breaking general strike had taken place on Jan. 8.
Women played a prominent role in the All-India strike, Nov. 26.
Ten of India’s labor federations took part, uniting under the “joint platform.” Five states — Kerala, Puducherry, Odisha, Assam and Telangana — were completely shut down, while daily activity was curtailed in many others.
News Click, a progressive Indian news source, reported on Nov. 26: “The strike saw stoppage of work in banks, financial services, various government services, transport, steel units, port and docks, telecommunication services, plantations, power generating units, coal and other mines, oil and natural gas production units, and millions of other miscellaneous industries.”
The report continues: “Government offices, railways, post and telegraph services and scores of other government offices are also likely to be affected as employees will hold solidarity demonstrations. Several [hundred thousand] women working as Anganwadi [rural childcare center] workers/helpers, health care workers, mid-day meal cooks and those employed in other government-run schemes have also gone on strike.”
Quoting from the joint union statement, it states: “Reports of successful strikes in coal and copper mines, including other mineral resource mines, have been received. The employees of postal, telecom and steel sectors were also in action and gramin dak sevaks [rural postal workers] observed a 100 percent strike.” (tinyurl.com/y4wsthaw)
Sit-ins, street blockades
Strikers held sit-ins and mass rallies, and blocked traffic and train tracks. They burned an effigy of right-wing PM Narendra Modi. There was massive participation by the unemployed, unorganized, self-employed and informal sector workers, as well as students. Women played a prominent role.
The labor federations’ joint platform put forth demands for a minimum income, food for poor families, a guaranteed number of workdays, higher wages, pensions for everyone, and the end of forced early retirements. It called for the government to stop privatizations and also withdraw all “anti-farmer laws and anti-worker labor codes.”
The ten central trade unions, which have called the bharat bandh (national strike) are:
- Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC)
- All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC)
- Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS)
- Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU)
- All India United Trade Union Centre (AIUTUC)
- Trade Union Co-ordination Centre (TUCC)
- Self-Employed Women's Association (SEWA)
- All India Central Council of Trade Unions (AICCTU)
- Labour Progressive Federation (LPF)
- United Trade Union Congress (UTUC)
The joint platform also includes independent federations/associations.
Additional demands emerged around a range of issues, from ending the outsourcing of work to reimposition of the 12-hour day. The provision of safety measures to stop the spread of COVID was a key issue, as India has the second-highest coronavirus infection rate in the world. (Worldometers, Nov. 29)
While 250 million workers struck, farmers from all over the country attempted to march on Delhi, the country’s capital. They are protesting three new, pro-corporate agribusiness “farm bills,” but the farmers are also in full solidarity with the workers.
Government forces blocked the farmers’ paths with barricades and barbed wire, and fired tear gas and water cannons in the bitter cold. But, anticipating government-imposed obstacles, farmers packed a variety of supplies, from food and water to cell-phone chargers. These determined farmers refused to move, breaking through blockades until they were allowed to proceed to Parliament and present their demands.
At the Delhi-Uttar Pradesh border in Gazipur, Nov. 30